Agriculture has always been the back bone of Indian Economy. It contributes nearly 28% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Nearly 64% of Indian population works in the field of agriculture and its allied sector and this provides food to over hundred million Indians. The raw materials supplied for our industries are also from this sector. India has an agro-climatic condition which is always favouring to the growth of horticultural crops.
Our basic need, that is the food we eat can be got only from agriculture, the manufacturing sector is directly dependant on Agriculture for its raw materials .The impact of Science and Technology is significant to the field agriculture in terms of improving the methodology and productivity, thus improving the quantity and quality of the goods produced.
Contribution to Living-Hood:
Agriculture has employed more than two third of the people mainly the labour force in the country and thus acts as a prime contributor to the economy of our nation. Agriculture helps in the welfare of our rural people.
It is always possible to have a successful career in farming without any formal education or training by following the traditional methods of Agriculture.
The minimum eligibility required to get an admission to B.Sc.(Ag.) course is a pass mark in the plus two or equivalent examination with science. Many universities fix a minimum aggregate of 50% marks to be obtained in the qualifying examination.
Entrance for Agriculture:
Agricultural Research Service/National Eligibility Test Examination is conducted by the Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board or ASRB for filling up vacancies of Scientists of the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes. Training in agriculture is a Bachelor’s degree course B.Sc.(Ag.) of three to four years. The post graduate course M.Sc.(Ag.) is of two years.
Candidates passed out from agriculture can opt for various fields as per individual interests like traditional farming with the use of latest technology and methods, they can also take up for further studies like agricultural research, put up an agri-business, can get into agricultural education , agricultural Engineering and management.